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Complex deletion and proximal reinsertion of a 150bp regulatory sequence in the mouse Csf1r promoter mediated by CRISPR-Cas9.

By Kim M. Summers, Clare Pridans, Evi Wollscheid-Lengeling, Kathleen Grabert, Antony Adamson, Neil E. Humphreys, Katharine M. Irvine, David A. Hume

Posted 11 Dec 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/872200

This paper describes a deletion/reinsertion event encountered in a genome-editing project using CRISPR-Cas9. The objective was to delete a 150bp enhancer region in the mouse Csf1r locus using a pair of guides and a homology-dependent repair (HDR) template. The editing was successful in generating a founder pup with the anticipated precise deletion. However, the deleted fragment and a duplicated copy of part of the HDR template was reinserted around 50bp downstream. The reinsertion event was recognised because the PCR primer site used in genotyping was duplicated, so that there were three PCR products in a heterozygous animal and two in a homozygote. The event we describe is more subtle and more difficult to detect than large-scale rearrangements reported by others. We suggest that any genomic deletion mediated by CRISPR-Cas9 needs to be confirmed by assessing the copy number in the genome.

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