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Long-read only assembly of Drechmeria coniospora genomes reveals widespread chromosome plasticity and illustrates the limitations of current nanopore methods

By Damien Courtine, Jan Provaznik, Jerome Reboul, Guillaume Blanc, Vladimit Benes, Jonathan Ewbank

Posted 06 Dec 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/866020 (published DOI: 10.1093/gigascience/giaa099)

Long read sequencing is increasingly being used to determine eukaryotic genomes. We used nanopore technology to generate chromosome-level assemblies for 3 different strains of Drechmeria coniospora, a nematophagous fungus used extensively in the study of innate immunity in Caenorhabditis elegans. One natural geographical isolate demonstrated high stability over decades, whereas a second isolate, not only had a profoundly altered genome structure, but exhibited extensive instability. We conducted an in-depth analysis of sequence errors within the 3 genomes and established that even with state-of-the-art tools, nanopore methods alone are insufficient to generate eukaryotic genome sequences of sufficient accuracy to merit inclusion in public databases. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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