Mass spectrometry analysis of mouse hematopoietic stem cells and their progenitors reveals differential expression within and between proteome and transcriptome throughout adult and aged hematopoiesis
Balyn W. Zaro,
Joseph J. Noh,
Victoria L. Mascetti,
Benson M. George,
Gunsagar Singh Gulati,
Rachel M. Morganti,
Allison M. Banuelos,
Peter K. Jackson,
Irving L. Weissman
Posted 09 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/836692
Posted 09 Nov 2019
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are responsible for the generation of blood and immune cells throughout life. They have the unique ability to self-renew and generate more HSCs or differentiate into a progenitor cell in response to cell-intrinsic and -extrinsic stimuli. The balance of HSC fate commitment is critical for a healthy blood supply. Imbalances during hematopoiesis, which are frequent in aging, can result in hematological malignancies and pre-malignancies as well as increase risk of atherosclerosis. Given the importance of HSCs and their progenitors, they have been extensively characterized in genomic and transcriptomic studies. However, an understanding of protein expression within the HSC compartment and more broadly throughout hematopoiesis remains poorly understood, and it has been widely reported that the correlation between mRNA and proteins is more complicated than previously thought. Previous mouse mass spectrometry studies have focused either specifically on stem and the first early progenitor or broadly across mixed populations of stem and progenitor cells, which do not allow for cell-type specific protein resolution across stages of differentiation. Mass cytometry has been employed to characterize transcription factor expression in human HSCs and progenitors but does not apply an unbiased discovery approach. New mass spectrometry technology now allows for deep proteomic coverage with no more than 200 ng of sample input. We report here a proteomics resource characterizing protein expression in mouse adult and aged HSCs, multipotent progenitors and oligopotent progenitors, 12 cell types in total. We validated differential expression by flow cytometry analysis and immunofluorescence staining. Additionally, we investigated the relationship between mRNA and protein levels of individual genes in HSCs compared to progenitors through RNA sequencing studies and identified two proteins that appear to be uniquely regulated in the HSC compartment, Cpin1 and Adnp. In summary, this resource provides proteomic coverage of adult and aged hematopoietic stem cells and their progenitors and reveals changes in protein abundance between cell types, with potential future implications in understanding mechanisms for stem-cell maintenance, niche interactions and fate determination.
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