Leveraging pleiotropy to discover and interpret GWAS results for sleep-associated traits
Brian E Cade,
Daniel S Evans,
Katie L Stone,
Sina A Gharib,
Lyle J. Palmer,
Jerome I. Rotter,
Shamil R. Sunyaev
Posted 07 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/832162
Posted 07 Nov 2019
Genetic association studies of many heritable traits resulting from physiological testing often have modest sample sizes due to the cost and invasiveness of the required phenotyping. This reduces statistical power to discover multiple genetic associations. We present a strategy to leverage pleiotropy between traits to both discover new loci and to provide mechanistic hypotheses of the underlying pathophysiology, using obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as an exemplar. OSA is a common disorder diagnosed via overnight physiological testing (polysomnography). Here, we leverage pleiotropy with relevant cellular and cardio-metabolic phenotypes and gene expression traits to map new risk loci in an underpowered OSA GWAS. We identify several pleiotropic loci harboring suggestive associations to OSA and genome-wide significant associations to other traits, and show that their OSA association replicates in independent cohorts of diverse ancestries. By investigating pleiotropic loci, our strategy allows proposing new hypotheses about OSA pathobiology across many physiological layers. For example we find links between OSA, a measure of lung function (FEV1/FVC), and an eQTL of desmoplakin (DSP) in lung tissue. We also link a previously known genome-wide significant peak for OSA in the hexokinase (HK1) locus to hematocrit and other red blood cell related traits. Thus, the analysis of pleiotropic associations has the potential to assemble diverse phenotypes into a chain of mechanistic hypotheses that provide insight into the pathogenesis of complex human diseases.
- Downloaded 427 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 71,432
- In genetics: 3,170
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 86,835
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 114,666
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!