MicroRNA-148a Regulates Low-Density Lipoprotein Metabolism by Repressing the (Pro)renin Receptor
A.H. Jan Danser,
Hong S. Lu,
Posted 05 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/831529 (published DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225356)
Posted 05 Nov 2019
High plasma LDL cholesterol (LDL-c) concentration is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. Hepatic LDLR regulates LDL metabolism, and thereby plasma LDL-c concentration. Recently, we identified the (pro)renin receptor [(P)RR] as a novel regulator of LDL metabolism, which regulates LDLR degradation and hence its protein abundance and activity. In silicon analysis suggests that the (P)RR is a target of miR-148a. In this study we determined whether miR-148a could regulate LDL metabolism by regulating (P)RR expression in HepG2 and Huh7 cells. We found that miR-148a suppressed (P)RR expression by binding to the 3’-untranslated regions (3’-UTR) of (P)RR mRNA. Mutating the binding sites for miR-148a in the 3’-UTR of (P)RR mRNA abolished the inhibitory effects of miR-148a on (P)RR expression. In line with our recent findings, reduced (P)RR expression resulted in decreased cellular LDL uptake, likely as a consequence of decreased LDLR protein abundance. Overexpressing the (P)RR prevented miR-148a-induced reduction in LDLR abundance and cellular LDL uptake. Our study supports a new concept that miR-148a is a regulator of (P)RR expression. By reducing (P)RR abundance, miR-148a decreases LDLR protein abundance and consequently cellular LDL uptake.
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