Enzalutamide-induced PTH1R-mediated TGFBR2 decrease in osteoblasts contributes to resistance in prostate cancer bone metastases
Alexandra Vander Ark,
Zachary B Madaj,
Megan J. Bowman,
H. Eric Xu,
Posted 04 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/829044
Posted 04 Nov 2019
Over 80% of prostate cancer (PCa) patients in the United States die with bone metastases. Second-line hormonal therapies, such as enzalutamide, improve overall survival in about 50% of patients with bone metastases, but almost all responsive patients eventually develop enzalutamide resistance. Our study showed that although enzalutamide significantly inhibited the tumor growth of subcutaneously or orthotopically grafted PCa C4-2B cells, it had no effect on the bone lesion development when C4-2B tumors were grafted in the bone, suggesting a crucial role of the microenvironment in enzalutamide resistance in PCa bone metastasis. We found that enzalutamide significantly decreased the amount of the TGFBR2 (TGF-β type II receptor) in osteoblasts, both in vitro and in patient samples. The osteoblast-specific knockout of Tgfbr2 significantly induced bone metastasis. We showed that the enzalutamide-induced TGFBR2 decrease in osteoblasts was mediated by increased PTH1R (parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone-related peptide receptor), which resulted in TGFBR2 degradation, and that blocking PTH1R rescued the TGFBR2 decrease. Furthermore, we found that PTH1R up-regulation by enzalutamide was correlated with increased Pth1r promoter occupancy by transcription factor NR2F1. Our findings highlight a potential enzalutamide-resistance mechanism through TGFBR2 decrease in osteoblasts, thus suggesting future PTH1R-blocking approaches to overcome enzalutamide resistance in PCa bone metastasis.
- Downloaded 341 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 77,691
- In cancer biology: 2,295
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 63,373
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 43,738
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!