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Research of the mechanism on miRNA193 in exosomes promotes cisplatin resistance in esophageal cancer cells

By Shifeng Shi, Xin Huang, Xiao Ma, Xiaoyan Zhu, Qinxian Zhang

Posted 04 Nov 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/830240 (published DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0225290)

Purpose: Chemotherapy resistance of esophageal cancer is a key factor affecting the postoperative treatment of esophageal cancer. Among the media that transmit signals between cells, the exosomes secreted by tumor cells mediate information transmission between tumor cells, which can make sensitive cells obtain resistance. Although some cellular exosomes play an important role in tumor's acquired drug resistance, the related action mechanism is still not explored specifically. Methods: To elucidate this process, we constructed a cisplatin-resistant esophageal cancer cell line, and proved that exosomes conferring cellular resistance in esophageal cancer can promote cisplatin resistance in sensitive cells. Through high-throughput sequencing analysis of the exosome and of cells after stimulation by exosomes, we determined that the miRNA193 in exosomes conferring cellular resistance played a key role in sensitive cells acquiring resistance to cisplatin. In vitro experiments showed that miRNA193 can regulate the cell cycle of esophageal cancer cells and inhibit apoptosis, so that sensitive cells can acquire resistance to cisplatin. An in vivo experiment proved that miRNA193 can promote tumor proliferation through the exosomes, and provide sensitive cells with slight resistance to cisplatin. Results: Small RNA sequencing of exosomes showed that exosomes in drug-resistant cells have 189 up-regulated and 304 down-regulated miRNAs; transcriptome results showed that drug-resistant cells treated with drug-resistant cellular exosomes have 3446 high-expression and 1709 low-expression genes; correlation analysis showed that drug-resistant cellular exosomes mainly affect the drug resistance of sensitive cells through paths such as cytokine–cytokine receptor interaction, and the VEGF and Jak-STAT signaling pathways; miRNA193, one of the high-expression miRNAs in drug-resistant cellular exosomes, can promote drug resistance by removing cisplatin's inhibition of the cell cycle of sensitive cells. Conclusion: Sensitive cells can become resistant to cisplatin through acquired drug-resistant cellular exosomes, and miRNA193 can make tumor cells acquire cisplatin resistance by regulating the cell cycle.

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