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Genome sequence and analysis of the eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)

By Dandan Li, Jun Qian, Wenjia Li, Yaqin Jiang, Guiyun Gan, Weiliu Li, Riyuan Chen, Ning Yu, Yan Li, Yongguan Wu, Dexian Kang, Jinmin Lian, Yongchao Niu, Yikui Wang

Posted 31 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/824540

The eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most important Solanaceae crops, ranking third in the total production and economic value in the genus Solanum. Here, we report a high-quality, chromosome-scale eggplant reference genome sequence of 1,155.8 Mb, with N50 of 93.9 Mb, which was assembled by combining PacBio long reads and Hi-C sequencing data. Repetitive sequences occupied 70.1% of the assembly length, and 35,018 high-confidence protein-coding genes were annotated based on multiple evidence. Comparative analysis revealed 646 species-specific families and 364 positive selection genes, conferring distinguishing traits to the eggplant. We performed genome-wide identification of disease resistance genes and discovered an expanded gene family of bacterial spot resistance in the eggplant and pepper but not in tomato and potato. The genes involved in chlorogenic acid synthesis were comprehensively characterized. Highly similar chromosomal distribution patterns of polyphenol oxidase genes were observed in the eggplant, tomato, and potato genomes. The eggplant reference genome sequence will not only facilitate evolutionary studies in the Solanaceae but also facilitate their breeding and improvement.

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