A novel antiviral lncRNA EDAL shields a T309 O-GlcNAcylation site to promote EZH2 degradation
Zhen F Fu,
Posted 30 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/824813
Posted 30 Oct 2019
The central nervous system (CNS) is vulnerable for viral infection, yet few host factors in the CNS are known to defend invasion by neurotropic viruses. We report here that multiple neurotropic viruses, including rabies virus (RABV), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), Semliki Forest virus (SFV) and herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), elicit the neuronal expression of a host-encoded lncRNA EDAL. EDAL inhibits the replication of these neurotropic viruses in neuronal cells and RABV infection in mouse brains. EDAL binds to the conserved histone methyltransferase enhancer of zest homolog 2 (EZH2) and specifically causes EZH2 degradation via lysosomes, reducing the cellular H3K27me3 level. The antiviral function of EDAL resides in a 56-nt antiviral substructure through which its 18-nt helix-loop intimately contacts multiple EZH2 sites surrounding T309, a known O-GlcNAcylation site. EDAL positively regulate the transcription of Pcp4l1 encoding a 10 kDa peptide, which inhibits the replication of mutiple neurotropic viruses. Our findings proposed a model in which a neuronal lncRNA can exert an effective antiviral function via blocking a specific O-GlcNAcylation that determines EZH2 lysosomal degradation.
- Downloaded 333 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 99,272
- In microbiology: 6,930
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 126,339
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 106,982
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!