Systematic evaluation of normalization methods for glycomics data based on performance of network inference
Karli R. Reiding,
L. Renee Ruhaak,
Maurice H.J. Selman,
Malcolm G Dunlop,
Posted 24 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/814244 (published DOI: 10.3390/metabo10070271)
Posted 24 Oct 2019
Glycomics measurements, like all other high-throughput technologies, are subject to technical variation due to fluctuations in the experimental conditions. The removal of this non-biological signal from the data is referred to as normalization. Contrary to other omics data types, a systematic evaluation of normalization options for glycomics data has not been published so far. In this paper, we assess the quality of different normalization strategies for glycomics data with an innovative approach. It has been shown previously that Gaussian Graphical Models (GGMs) inferred from glycomics data are able to identify enzymatic steps in the glycan synthesis pathways in a data-driven fashion. Based on this finding, we here quantify the quality of a given normalization method according to how well a GGM inferred from the respective normalized data reconstructs known synthesis reactions in the glycosylation pathway. The method therefore exploits a biological measure of goodness. We analyzed 23 different normalization combinations applied to six large-scale glycomics cohorts across three experimental platforms (LC-ESI-MS, UHPLC-FLD and MALDI-FTICR-MS). Based on our results, we recommend normalizing glycan data using the Probabilistic Quotient method followed by log-transformation, irrespective of the measurement platform.
- Downloaded 203 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 76,963 out of 100,737
- In bioinformatics: 7,737 out of 9,252
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 71,722 out of 100,737
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 62,943 out of 100,737
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!