Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 67,403 bioRxiv papers from 296,881 authors.
During mitosis, the genome is transformed from a decondensed, transcriptionally active state to a highly condensed, transcriptionally inactive state. Mitotic chromosome reorganization is marked by the general attenuation of transcription on chromosome arms, yet how the cell regulates nuclear and chromatin-associated RNAs after chromosome condensation and nuclear envelope breakdown is unknown. SAF-A/hnRNPU is an abundant nuclear protein with RNA-to-DNA tethering activity, coordinated by two spatially distinct nucleic acid binding domains. Here we show that RNA is evicted from prophase chromosomes through Aurora-B-dependent phosphorylation of the SAF-A DNA-binding domain; failure to execute this pathway leads to accumulation of SAF-A:RNA complexes on mitotic chromosomes and elevated rates of anaphase segregation defects. This work reveals a role for Aurora-B in removing chromatin-associated RNAs during prophase, and demonstrates that Aurora-B dependent relocalization of SAF-A during cell division contributes to the fidelity of chromosome segregation.
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