Microbial Metagenome Of Urinary Tract Infection
Kelvin J. Moncera,
Manolito G. Torralba,
J. Craig Venter,
Karen E. Nelson,
Posted 04 May 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/134320 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-22660-8)
Posted 04 May 2017
Urine culture and microscopy techniques are used to profile the bacterial species present in urinary tract infections. To gain insight into the urinary flora in infection and health, we analyzed clinical laboratory features and the microbial metagenome of 121 clean-catch urine samples. 16S rDNA gene signatures were successfully obtained for 116 participants, while whole genome shotgun sequencing data was successfully generated for samples from 49 participants. Analysis of these datasets supports the definition of the patterns of infection and colonization/contamination. Although 16S rDNA sequencing was more sensitive, whole genome shotgun sequencing allowed for a more comprehensive and unbiased representation of the microbial flora, including eukarya and viral pathogens, and of bacterial virulence factors. Urine samples positive by whole genome shotgun sequencing contained a plethora of bacterial (median 41 genera/sample), eukarya (median 2 species/sample) and viral sequences (median 3 viruses/sample). Genomic analyses revealed cases of infection with potential pathogens (e.g., Alloscardovia sp, Actinotignum sp, Ureaplasma sp) that are often missed during routine urine culture due to species specific growth requirements. We also observed gender differences in the microbial metagenome. While conventional microbiological methods are inadequate to identify a large diversity of microbial species that are present in urine, genomic approaches appear to comprehensively and quantitatively describe the urinary microbiome.
- Downloaded 1,359 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 18,746
- In microbiology: 1,078
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 58,149
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 151,762
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!