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A catalog of homoplasmic and heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA variants in humans

By Alexandre Bolze, Fernando Mendez, Simon White, Francisco Tanudjaja, Magnus Isaksson, Ruomu Jiang, Andrew Dei Rossi, Elizabeth T. Cirulli, Misha Rashkin, William J Metcalf, Joseph J Grzymski, William Lee, James Lu, Nicole L Washington

Posted 08 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/798264

High quality population allele frequencies of DNA variants can be used to discover new biology, and study rare disorders. Here, we created a public catalog of mitochondrial DNA variants based on a population of 195,983 individuals. We focused on 3 criteria: (i) the population is not enriched for mitochondrial disorders, or other clinical phenotypes, (ii) all genomes are sequenced and analyzed in the same clinical laboratory, and (iii) both homoplasmic and heteroplasmic variants are reported. We found that 47% of the mitochondrial genome was invariant in this population, including large stretches in the 2 rRNA genes. This information could be used to annotate the mitochondrial genome in future studies. We also showed how to use this resource for the interpretation of pathogenic variants for rare mitochondrial disorders. For example, 42% of variants previously reported to be pathogenic for Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) should be reclassified. ### Competing Interest Statement AB, FM, SW, FJ, MI, RJ, ADR, EC, MR, WL, JL and NW are employees of Helix.

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