The reliability and heritability of cortical folds and their genetic correlations across hemispheres
Samuel R Mathias,
Katie L. McMahon,
Greig I. de Zubicaray,
Nicholas G. Martin,
David C. Glahn,
Margaret J Wright,
Paul M. Thompson,
Posted 07 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/795591
Posted 07 Oct 2019
The structure of the brain’s cortical folds varies considerably in human populations. Specific patterns of cortical variation arise with development and aging, and cortical traits are partially influenced by genetic factors. The degree to which genetic factors affect cortical folding patterning remains unknown, yet may be estimated with large-scale in-vivo brain MRI. Using multiple MRI datasets from around the world, we estimated the reliability and heritability of sulcal morphometric characteristics including length, depth, width, and surface area, for 61 sulci per hemisphere of the human brain. Reliability was assessed across four distinct test-retest datasets. We meta-analyzed the heritability across three independent family-based cohorts (N > 3,000), and one cohort of largely unrelated individuals (N~9,000) to examine the robustness of our findings. Reliability was high (interquartile range for ICC: 0.65−0.85) for sulcal metrics. Most sulcal measures were moderately to highly heritable (heritability estimates = 0.3−0.7). These genetic influences vary regionally, with the earlier forming sulci having higher heritability estimates. The central sulcus, the subcallosal and the collateral fissure were the most highly heritable regions. For some frontal and temporal sulci, left and right genetic influences did not completely overlap, suggesting some lateralization of genetic effects on the cortex.
- Downloaded 284 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 46,691 out of 78,182
- In genetics: 2,750 out of 4,201
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 27,112 out of 78,182
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 19,653 out of 78,182
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!