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Genome-wide quantitative trait loci mapping on Verticilliumw

By Md Harun or Rashid, Peng-tao Li, Tingting Chen, Koffi Kibalou Palanga, Wan-kui Gong, Qun Ge, Ju-wu Gong, Ai-ying Liu, Quan-wei Lu, Latyr Diouf, Zareen Sarfraz, Muhammad Jamshed, Yu-zhen Shi, You-lu Yuan

Posted 01 Oct 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/788901

Cotton Verticillium wilt (VW) is a devastating disease seriously affecting fiber yield and quality, and the most effective and economical prevention measure at present is selection and extension of Gossypium varieties harboring high resistant VW. However, multiple attempts to improve the VW resistance of the most widely cultivated Upland cotton have brought in little significant progress, and it seems necessary and urgent to develop Chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) for merging the superior genes related with high yield and wide adaptation from G. hirsutum and VW resistance and excellent fiber quality from G. barbadense . In this study, 300 CSSLs were chosen from the developed BC5F3:5 CSSLs constructed by G. hirsutum CCRI36 and G. barbadense Hai1 to conduct quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping on VW resistance, and a total of 53 QTLs relevant to VW disease index (DI) were identified together with the phenotypic data of 2 years investigations in two fields with two replications per year. All the QTLs were distributed on 20 chromosomes with phenotypic variation of 3.74-11.89%, of which 29 stable ones were consistent in at least two environments. Based on Meta-analysis on the 53 QTLs, 43 novel ones were identified, while 10 ones consistent to previously identified QTLs. Meanwhile, 32 QTL hotspot regions were detected, including 15 ones were novel. This study concentrates on QTL identification and screening hotspot region related with VW in the 300 CSSLs, which lay a solid platform not only for revealing the genetic and molecular mechanisms of VW resistance, but also for further fine mapping, gene cloning and molecular designing in breeding program for resistant cotton varieties.

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