Phylogeographic separation and formation of sexually discrete lineages in a global population of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
Katja A. Koskela,
Posted 13 Jun 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/149468 (published DOI: 10.1099/mgen.0.000133)
Posted 13 Jun 2017
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram negative intestinal pathogen of humans and has been responsible for several nation-wide gastro-intestinal outbreaks. Large-scale population genomic studies have been performed on the other human pathogenic Yersinia, Y. pestis and Y. enterocolitica allowing a high-resolution understanding of the ecology, evolution and dissemination of these pathogens. However, to date no large-scale global population genomic analysis of Y. pseudotuberculosis has been performed. Here we present analyses of the genomes of 134 strains of Y. pseudotuberculosis isolated from around the world, from multiple ecosystems since 1960s. Our data display a phylogeographic split within the population, with an Asian ancestry and subsequent dispersal of successful clonal lineages into Europe and the rest of the world. These lineages can be differentiated by CRISPR cluster arrays, and we show that the lineages are limited with respect to inter-lineage genetic exchange. This restriction of genetic exchange maintains the discrete lineage structure in the population despite co-existence of lineages for thousands of years in multiple countries. Our data highlights how CRISPR can be informative of the evolutionary trajectory of bacterial lineages, and merits further study across bacteria.
- Downloaded 548 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 68,222
- In microbiology: 4,328
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 77,590
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 104,912
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!