Faster diffusive dynamics of histone-like nucleoid structuring proteins in live bacteria caused by silver ions
Asmaa A. Sadoon,
Ravi Kumar Gundampati,
Venkata R. Krishnamurthi,
Suresh Kumar Thallapuranam,
Posted 30 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/776229 (published DOI: 10.1128/AEM.02479-19)
Posted 30 Sep 2019
The antimicrobial activity and mechanism of silver ions (Ag+) have gained broad attention in recent years. However, dynamic studies are rare in this field. Here, we report our measurement of the effects of Ag+ ions on the dynamics of histone-like nucleoid structuring (H-NS) proteins in live bacteria using single-particle tracking photoactivated localization microscopy (sptPALM). It was found that treating the bacteria with Ag+ ions led to faster diffusive dynamics of H-NS proteins. Several techniques were used to understand the mechanism of the observed faster dynamics. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay on purified H-NS proteins indicated that Ag+ ions weaken the binding between H-NS proteins and DNA. Isothermal titration calorimetry confirmed that DNA and Ag+ ions interact directly. Our recently developed sensing method based on bent DNA suggested that Ag+ ions caused dehybridization of double-stranded DNA (i.e., dissociation into single strands). These evidences led us to a plausible mechanism for the observed faster dynamics of H-NS proteins in live bacteria when subjected to Ag+ ions: Ag+-induced DNA dehybridization weakens the binding between H-NS proteins and DNA. This work highlighted the importance of dynamic study of single proteins in the live cells for understanding the functions of antimicrobial agents to the bacteria.
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