The long-spine porcupinefish, Diodon holocanthus (Diodontidae, Tetraodontiformes, Actinopterygii), also known as the freckled porcupinefish, attracts great interest of ecology and economy. Its distinct characteristics including inflation reaction, spiny skin and tetradotoxin, however, have not been fully studied without a complete genome assembly. In this study, the whole genome of a single individual was sequenced using single tube-Long Fragment Read co-barcode reads, generating 154.3 Gb of paired-end data (219.8× depth). The gap was further filled using small amount of Oxford Nanopore MinION long read dataset (11.4Gb, 15.9× depth). Taking full use of long, medium, short-range of genome assembly information, the final assembled sequences with a total length of 650.02 Mb obtained contig and scaffold N50 sizes of 2.15 Mb and 8.13 Mb, respectively, despite of high repetitive content. Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs captured 95.7% (2,474) of core genes to assess the completeness. In addition, 206.5 Mb (32.10%) of repetitive sequences were identified, and 20,840 protein-coding genes were annotated, among which 18,281 (87.72%) proteins were assigned with possible functions. This is the first demonstration of de novo genome of the porcupinefish, which will benefit downstream analysis of ontogeny, phylogeny, and evolution, and improve the exploration of its unique defensive mechanism.
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