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A unified sequence catalogue of over 280,000 genomes obtained from the human gut microbiome

By Alexandre Almeida, Stephen Nayfach, Miguel Boland, Francesco Strozzi, Martin Beracochea, Zhou Jason Shi, Katherine S. Pollard, Donovan H. Parks, Philip Hugenholtz, Nicola Segata, Nikos C. Kyrpides, Robert D. Finn

Posted 19 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/762682

Comprehensive reference data is essential for accurate taxonomic and functional characterization of the human gut microbiome. Here we present the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Genome (UHGG) collection, a resource combining 286,997 genomes representing 4,644 prokaryotic species from the human gut. These genomes contain over 625 million protein sequences used to generate the Unified Human Gastrointestinal Protein (UHGP) catalogue, a collection that more than doubles the number of gut protein clusters over the Integrated Gene Catalogue. We find that a large portion of the human gut microbiome remains to be fully explored, with over 70% of the UHGG species lacking cultured representatives, and 40% of the UHGP missing meaningful functional annotations. Intra-species genomic variation analyses revealed a large reservoir of accessory genes and single-nucleotide variants, many of which were specific to individual human populations. These freely available genomic resources should greatly facilitate investigations into the human gut microbiome.

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