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In situ dissection of domain boundaries affect genome topology and gene transcription in Drosophila

By Rodrigo G. Arzate-Mejía, Angel Josué Cerecedo-Castillo, Georgina Guerrero, Mayra Furlan-Magaril, Félix Recillas-Targa

Posted 19 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/776542

The molecular mechanisms responsible for Topologically Associated Domains (TADs) formation are not yet fully understood. In Drosophila, it has been proposed that transcription is fundamental for TAD organization while the participation of genetic sequences bound by Architectural Proteins (APs) remains controversial. Here, we investigate the contribution of domain boundaries to TAD organization and the regulation of gene expression at the Notch gene locus in Drosophila. We find that deletion of domain boundaries results in TAD fusion and long-range topological defects that are accompanied by loss of APs and RNA Pol II chromatin binding as well as defects in transcription. Together, our results provide compelling evidence on the contribution of discrete genetic sequences bound by APs and RNA Pol II in the partition of the genome into TADs and in the regulation of gene expression in Drosophila.

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