Structural changes in the gut microbiome of short-term and long-term medical workers compared to normal controls
Posted 18 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/772590
Posted 18 Sep 2019
Hospital environment is paid great attention to due to its potential threat in transmission of pathogens and antibiotic resistances. This study was designed to evaluate the alteration of gut microbiome in medical workers compared to non-medical controls.175 healthy medical workers (1-3 months short-term workers, n = 80; >1 year long-term workers, n = 95) and 80 healthy normal controls.Fecal samples of all subjects were analyzed using the 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Medical workers exhibited remarkable deviation in gut microbial within-sample diversity and enterotypes stratification, and shift in overall microbial structure. Short-term workers were significantly more abundant in taxa including Lactobacillus, Butyrivibrio, Clostridiaceae\_Clostridium, Ruminococcus, Dialister, Bifidobacterium, Odoribacter and Desulfovibrio, and with lower abundances of Bacteroides and Blautia compared with the controls. While long-term workers were enriched in taxa including Dialister, Veillonella, Clostridiaceae\_Clostridium, Bilophila, Desulfovibrio, Pseudomonas and Akkermansia, with lower abundances of Bacteroides and Coprococcus compared with the controls. In addition, medical worker's working years (short-term vs. long-term), hospital department (resident doctor vs. nursing staff) and work position (ICU vs. not-ICU) revealed considerable effects on their gut microbiome. Moreover, by analyzing the environmental samples (n = 9) around the inpatient wards and the hospital, we showed that the gut microbiota of medical workers was closer to environmental microbiota than that of the normal controls, probably in correlation to lasting exposure to the pathogenic taxa (e.g. Pseudomonas) in health workers.Our findings demonstrated structural changes in the gut microbial community of the medical workers.
- Downloaded 219 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 127,766
- In microbiology: 9,356
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 137,828
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 145,153
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!