Spatial control of nucleoporin assembly by Fragile X-related proteins
Inès Jmel Boyer,
Posted 12 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/767202
Posted 12 Sep 2019
Nucleoporins (Nups) build highly organized Nuclear Pore Complexes (NPCs) at the nuclear envelope (NE). Several Nups assemble into a sieve-like hydrogel within the central channel of the NPCs to regulate nucleocytoplasmic exchange. In the cytoplasm, a large excess of soluble Nups has been reported, but how their assembly is restricted to the NE is currently unknown. Here we show that Fragile X-related protein 1 (FXR1) can interact with several Nups and facilitate their localization to the NE during interphase through a microtubule and dynein-dependent mechanism. Downregulation of FXR1 or closely related orthologs FXR2 and Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) leads to the accumulation of cytoplasmic Nup protein condensates. Likewise, several models of Fragile X syndrome (FXS), characterized by a loss of FMRP, also accumulate cytoplasmic Nup aggregates. These aggregate-containing cells display aberrant nuclear morphology and a delay in G1 cell cycle progression. Our results reveal an unexpected role for the FXR protein family and dynein in the spatial regulation of nucleoporin assembly.
- Downloaded 394 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 85,555
- In cell biology: 3,944
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 116,460
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 101,219
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!