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Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase 1B Regulates MicroRNA-208b-Argonaute 2 Association and Thyroid Hormone Responsiveness in Cardiac Hypertrophy

By Gérald Coulis, Yanfen Shi, David P. Labbé, Alexandre Bergeron, Fatiha Sahmi, Valérie Vinette, Gérard Karsenty, Bruce G. Allen, Michel L Tremblay, Jean-Claude Tardif, Benoit Boivin

Posted 10 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/763953

Elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production plays an important role in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including cardiac hypertrophy. While the regulation of diverse sources of ROS is well characterized in the heart, the redox-sensitive targets that contribute to redox signaling remain largely undefined. We now report that protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is reversibly oxidized and inactivated in hearts undergoing hypertrophy and that gene deletion of PTP1B in mouse hearts cause an hypertrophic phenotype that is critically exacerbated in mice subjected to pressure overload. Furthermore, we show that PTP1B dephosphorylates Tyr393 on argonaute 2, a key component of the RNA-induced silencing complex, and sustains gene silencing in the heart. Our results indicate that PTP1B inactivation and argonaute 2 Tyr393 phosphorylation specifically prevents argonaute 2 from interacting with miR-208b. Phosphorylation and inactivation of argonaute 2 in PTP1B cKO mice revealed a mechanism by which defective miR-208b-mediated repression of thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein 1 (THRAP1/MED13) contributes to thyroid hormone-mediated cardiac hypertrophy. In support of this conclusion, inhibiting the synthesis of triiodothyronine (T3), using propylthiouracil, rescued TAC-induced hypertrophy and improved myocardial contractility and systolic function in PTP1B cKO mice. Together, our data illustrate that PTP1B activity exerts a cardioprotective effect in the heart and that redox signaling is tightly linked to thyroid hormone responsiveness and to microRNA-mediated gene silencing in pathological hypertrophy.

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