Sex differences in autoimmunity could be associated with altered regulatory T cell phenotype and lipoprotein metabolism
George A Robinson,
Kirsty E Waddington,
David. A Isenberg,
Elizabeth C Jury
Posted 08 Sep 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/760975
Posted 08 Sep 2019
Male and female immune responses are known to differ resulting in an increased prevalence of autoimmunity in women. Here sex differences in T-cell subset frequency and function during adolescence were examined in healthy donors and patients with the autoimmune disease juvenile (J)SLE; onset of JSLE commonly occurs during puberty suggesting a strong hormonal influence. Healthy adolescent males had increased regulatory T-cell (Treg) frequency, and increased Treg suppressive capacity and IL-4 production compared to healthy adolescent females. The T-helper 2-like profile in male Tregs was associated with increased expression of GATA3 which correlated significantly with elevated Treg plasma membrane glycosphingolipid expression. Differential Treg phenotype was associated with unique serum metabolomic profiles in males compared to female adolescents. Notably, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) metabolomic signatures correlated positively with activated Tregs in males but with resting Tregs in females. Consistently, only VLDL isolated from male serum was able to induce increased Treg IL-4 production and glycosphingolipid expression following in cultured cells. Remarkably, gender differences in Treg frequency, phenotype and function and serum metabolomic profiles were lost in adolescents with JSLE. This work provides evidence that a combination of pubertal development, immune cell defects and dyslipidemia may contribute to JSLE pathogenesis.
- Downloaded 282 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 63,239 out of 100,737
- In immunology: 1,820 out of 3,135
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 31,093 out of 100,737
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 25,467 out of 100,737
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!