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An Mtb-Human Protein-Protein Interaction Map Reveals that Bacterial LpqN Antagonizes CBL, a Host Ubiquitin Ligase that Regulates the Balance Between Anti-Viral and Anti-Bacterial Responses

By Bennett H. Penn, Zoe Netter, Jeffrey R. Johnson, John Von Dollen, Gwendolyn M. Jang, Tasha Johnson, Yamini M. Ohol, Cyrus Maher, Samantha L. Bell, Kristina Geiger, Xiaotang Du, Alex Choi, Trevor Parry, Mayumi Naramura, Chen Chen, Stefanie Jaeger, Michael Shales, Dan A. Portnoy, Ryan Hernandez, Laurent Coscoy, Jeffery S. Cox, Nevan J. Krogan

Posted 13 Oct 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/202598

Although macrophages are armed with potent anti-bacterial functions, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) replicates inside these innate immune cells. Determinants of macrophage-intrinsic bacterial control, and the Mtb strategies to overcome them are poorly understood. To further study these processes, we used a systematic affinity tag purification mass spectrometry (AP-MS) approach to identify 187 Mtb-human protein-protein interactions (PPIs) involving 34 secreted Mtb proteins. This interaction map revealed two new factors involved in Mtb pathogenesis -- the secreted Mtb protein, LpqN, and its binding partner, the human ubiquitin ligase CBL. We discovered that an lpqN Mtb mutant is attenuated in macrophages, but growth is restored when CBL is removed. Conversely, Cbl-/- macrophages are resistant to viral infection, indicating that CBL regulates cell-intrinsic polarization between anti-bacterial and anti-viral immunity. Collectively, these findings illustrate the utility of this Mtb-human PPI map as a resource for developing a deeper understanding of the intricate interactions between Mtb and its host.

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