Efficient whole genome sequencing of influenza A viruses
Ana Georgina Cobián-Güemes,
Joel Armando Vázquez-Pérez,
José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez,
Gisela Barrera Badillo,
Carlos F Arias,
Posted 29 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/749234
Posted 29 Aug 2019
The constant threat of emergence for novel pathogenic influenza A viruses with pandemic potential, makes full-genome characterization of circulating influenza viral strains a high priority, allowing detection of novel and re-assorting variants. Sequencing the full-length genome of influenza A virus traditionally required multiple amplification rounds, followed by the subsequent sequencing of individual PCR products. The introduction of high-throughput sequencing technologies has made whole genome sequencing easier and faster. We present a simple protocol to obtain whole genome sequences of hypothetically any influenza A virus, even with low quantities of starting genetic material. The complete genomes of influenza A viruses of different subtypes and from distinct sources (clinical samples of pdmH1N1, tissue culture-adapted H3N2 viruses, or avian influenza viruses from cloacal swabs) were amplified with a single multisegment reverse transcription-PCR reaction and sequenced using Illumina sequencing platform. Samples with low quantity of genetic material after initial PCR amplification were re-amplified by an additional PCR using random primers. Whole genome sequencing was successful for 66% of the samples, whilst the most relevant genome segments for epidemiological surveillance (corresponding to the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase) were sequenced with at least 93% coverage (and a minimum 10x) for 98% of the samples. Low coverage for some samples is likely due to an initial low viral RNA concentration in the original sample. The proposed methodology is especially suitable for sequencing a large number of samples, when genetic data is urgently required for strains characterization, and may also be useful for variant analysis.
- Downloaded 537 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 70,231
- In microbiology: 4,500
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 69,069
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 97,821
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!