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MACF1 Facilitates SMAD7 Nuclear Translocation to Drive Bone Formation in Mice

By Fan Zhao, Xiaoli Ma, Wuxia Qiu, Pai Wang, Ru Zhang, Zhihao Chen, Peihong Su, Yan Zhang, Dijie Li, Jianhua Ma, Chaofei Yang, Lei Chen, Chong Yin, Ye Tian, Lifang Hu, Yu Li, Ge Zhang, Xiaoyang Wu, Airong Qian

Posted 25 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/743930

MACF1 is a large crosslinker that contributes to cytoskeleton integrity and cell differentiation. Loss of MACF1 impairs multiple cellular functions in neuron development and epidermal migration, and is the molecular basis for many diseases such as heart failure and Parkinson's disease. MACF1 is highly abundant in bones, however, its involvements in osteogenic differentiation and bone formation are still unknown. In this study, by conditional gene targeting to delete the Macf1 gene specifically in MSCs, we observed ossification retardation and bone loss in MACF1 deficient mice in different developmental stages, which we traced to disorganized cytoskeleton and decreased osteogenic differentiation capability in MSCs. Further, we show that MACF1 interacts and facilitates SMAD7 nuclear translocation to initiate downstream transcription. These findings are hopefully to expand the biological scope of MACF1 in bones, and provide experimental basis for targeting MACF1 in degenerative bone diseases such as osteoporosis.

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