Genome-wide analysis of transcriptional bursting-induced noise in mammalian cells
Posted 15 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/736207
Posted 15 Aug 2019
Transcriptional bursting is stochastic activation and inactivation of promoters, leading to discontinuous production of mRNA, and is considered to be a contributing factor to cell-to-cell heterogeneity in gene expression. However, it remains elusive how the kinetic properties of transcriptional bursting ( e.g. , burst size, burst frequency, and noise induced by transcriptional bursting) are regulated in mammalian cells. In this study, we performed a genome-wide analysis of transcriptional bursting in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) using single-cell RNA-sequencing. We found that the kinetics of transcriptional bursting was determined by a combination of promoter and gene body binding proteins, including polycomb repressive complex 2 and transcription elongation-related factors. Furthermore, large-scale CRISPR-Cas9-based screening and functional analysis revealed that the Akt/MAPK signaling pathway regulated bursting kinetics by modulating transcription elongation efficiency. These results uncover key molecular mechanisms underlying transcriptional bursting and cell-to-cell gene expression noise in mammalian cells.
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