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A molecular switch for Cdc48 activity and localization during oxidative stress and aging

By Meytal Radzinski, Ohad Yogev, Yarden Yesharim, Esther S Brielle, Ran Israeli, Rosi Fassler, Naomi Melamed-Book, Nadav Shai, Isaiah T Arkin, Elah Pick, Tommer Ravid, Maya Schuldiner, Dana Reichmann

Posted 13 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/733709

Control over a healthy proteome begins with the birth of the polypeptide chain and ends with coordinated protein degradation. One of the major players in eukaryotic protein degradation is the essential and highly conserved ATPase, Cdc48 (p97/VCP in mammals). Cdc48 mediates clearance of misfolded proteins from the nucleus, cytosol, ER, mitochondria, and more. Here we dissect the crosstalk between cellular oxidation and Cdc48 activity by identification of a redox-sensitive site, Cys115. By integrating proteomics, biochemistry, microscopy, and bioinformatics, we show that removal of Cys115 redox-sensitive thiol group leads to accumulation of Cdc48 in the nucleus and consequently, results in severe defects in the oxidative stress response, mitochondrial fragmentation, and a decrease in ERAD and sterol biogenesis. We have thus identified a unique redox switch in Cdc48, which may provide a clearer picture of the importance of the Cdc48 localization in maintaining a healthy proteome during oxidative stress and chronological aging in yeast.

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