Hierarchical Ensembles of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins at Atomic Resolution in Molecular Dynamics Simulations
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) constitute a large fraction of the human proteome and are critical in the regulation of cellular processes. A detailed understanding of the conformational dynamics of IDPs could help to elucidate their roles in health and disease. However the inherent flexibility of IDPs makes structural studies and their interpretation challenging. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations could address this challenge in principle, but inaccuracies in the simulation models and the need for long simulations have stymied progress. To overcome these limitations, we adopt an hierarchical approach that builds on the "flexible meccano" model of Bernadó et al. (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 17968-17969). First, we exhaustively sample small IDP fragments in all-atom simulations to capture local structure. Then, we assemble the fragments into full-length IDPs to explore the stereochemically possible global structures of IDPs. The resulting ensembles of three-dimensional structures of full-length IDPs are highly diverse, much more so than in standard MD simulation. For the paradigmatic IDP α-synuclein, our ensemble captures both local structure, as probed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and its overall dimension, as obtained from small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) in solution. By generating representative and meaningful starting ensembles, we can begin to exploit the massive parallelism afforded by current and future high-performance computing resources for atomic-resolution characterization of IDPs.
- Downloaded 714 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 43,156
- In biophysics: 1,394
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 136,457
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 151,328
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!