Glucocorticoids Induce the Expansion of an Immature Human CFU-E Population
Brian M Dulmovits,
Namrata D Udeshi,
Steven A Carr,
Jeffrey M Lipton,
Lydie Da Costa,
Posted 02 Aug 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/722850
Posted 02 Aug 2019
Despite effective clinical use, the mechanistic bases for the regulation of human erythropoiesis by glucocorticoids remain poorly understood. Here, we employed an erythroid culture system to differentiate primary human CD34+ cells isolated from control peripheral blood, cord blood and patients with Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA), as model of an erythropoietic disorder treated with glucocorticoids. We found that the response to Dexamethasone is dependent on the developmental origin of the source of CD34+ cells, specifically increasing the expansion of CD34+ cells from peripheral blood but not cord blood. We also demonstrated that Dex treatment leads to the expansion of a novel immature colony-forming unit-erythroid (CFU-E) population in peripheral blood which is uniquely responsible for the proliferative effects observed during human adult erythropoiesis. Dex treatment of peripheral blood CFU-E cells also induced p57Kip2 expression while patients with DBA resistant to steroids had altered p57Kip2 expression that did not increase with Dex. Furthermore, shRNA knockdown of p57Kip2 reduced proliferation and abrogated the effects of Dex. Finally, proteomics of Dex-treated CFU-E from peripheral blood and cord blood additionally revealed novel Dex targets in the erythroid system. Altogether, these results provide novel insights into the regulation of human erythropoiesis by glucocorticoids.
- Downloaded 432 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 77,274
- In developmental biology: 1,960
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 66,727
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 114,320
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!