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Bifidobacterium is enriched in gut microbiome of Kashmiri women with polycystic ovary syndrome

By Saqib Hassan, Marika A. Kaakinen, Harmen Draisma, Mohd Ashraf Ganie, Aafia Rashid, Zhanna Balkhiyarova, George Seghal Kiran, Paris Vogazianos, Christos Shammas, Joseph Selvin, Athos Antoniades, Ayse Demirkan, Inga Prokopenko

Posted 30 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/718510

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition in women of reproductive age understudied in non-European populations. In India, PCOS affects the life of up to 19.4 million women of age 14-25 years. Gut microbiome composition might contribute to PCOS susceptibility. We profiled the microbiome in DNA isolated from faecal samples by 16S rRNA sequencing in 19/20 women with/without PCOS from Kashmir, India. We assigned genera to sequenced species with an average 121k reads depth and included bacteria detected in at least 1/3 of the subjects or with average relative abundance ≥0.1%. We compared the relative abundances of 40/58 operational taxonomic units in family/genus level between cases and controls, and in relation to 33 hormonal and metabolic factors, by multivariate analyses adjusted for confounders, and corrected for multiple testing. Seven genera were significantly enriched in PCOS cases: Sarcina, Alkalibacterium and Megasphaera, and previously reported for PCOS Bifidobacterium, Collinsella, Paraprevotella and Lactobacillus. We identified significantly increased relative abundance of Bifidobacteriaceae (median 6.07% vs. 2.77%) and Aerococcaceae (0.03% vs. 0.004%), whereas we detected lower relative abundance Peptococcaceae (0.16% vs. 0.25%) in PCOS cases. For the first time, we identified a significant direct association between butyrate producing Eubacterium and follicle-stimulating hormone levels. We observed increased relative abundance of Collinsella and Paraprevotella with higher fasting blood glucose levels, and Paraprevotella and Alkalibacterium with larger hip and waist circumference, and weight. We show a relationship between gut microbiome composition and PCOS linking it to specific reproductive health metabolic and hormonal predictors in Indian women.

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