Bifidobacterium is enriched in gut microbiome of Kashmiri women with polycystic ovary syndrome
Marika A. Kaakinen,
Mohd Ashraf Ganie,
George Seghal Kiran,
Posted 30 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/718510
Posted 30 Jul 2019
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition in women of reproductive age understudied in non-European populations. In India, PCOS affects the life of up to 19.4 million women of age 14-25 years. Gut microbiome composition might contribute to PCOS susceptibility. We profiled the microbiome in DNA isolated from faecal samples by 16S rRNA sequencing in 19/20 women with/without PCOS from Kashmir, India. We assigned genera to sequenced species with an average 121k reads depth and included bacteria detected in at least 1/3 of the subjects or with average relative abundance ≥0.1%. We compared the relative abundances of 40/58 operational taxonomic units in family/genus level between cases and controls, and in relation to 33 hormonal and metabolic factors, by multivariate analyses adjusted for confounders, and corrected for multiple testing. Seven genera were significantly enriched in PCOS cases: Sarcina, Alkalibacterium and Megasphaera , and previously reported for PCOS Bifidobacterium, Collinsella, Paraprevotella and Lactobacillus . We identified significantly increased relative abundance of Bifidobacteriaceae (median 6.07% vs. 2.77%) and Aerococcaceae (0.03% vs. 0.004%), whereas we detected lower relative abundance Peptococcaceae (0.16% vs. 0.25%) in PCOS cases. For the first time, we identified a significant direct association between butyrate producing Eubacterium and follicle-stimulating hormone levels. We observed increased relative abundance of Collinsella and Paraprevotella with higher fasting blood glucose levels, and Paraprevotella and Alkalibacterium with larger hip and waist circumference, and weight. We show a relationship between gut microbiome composition and PCOS linking it to specific reproductive health metabolic and hormonal predictors in Indian women.
- Downloaded 518 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 50,883
- In genomics: 3,974
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 49,127
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 63,446
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!