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A ciliary BBSome-ARL-6-PDE6D pathway trafficks RAB-28, a negative regulator of extracellular vesicle biogenesis

By Jyothi S Akella, Stephen P Carter, Fatima Rizvi, Ken C.Q. Nguyen, Sofia Tsiropoulou, Ailís L. Moran, Malan Silva, Breandán N Kennedy, David H Hall, Maureen Barr, Oliver E. Blacque

Posted 25 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/715730

Cilia both receive and send information, the latter in the form of extracellular vesicles (EVs). EVs are nano-communication devices that cells shed to influence cell, tissue, and organism behavior. Mechanisms driving ciliary EV biogenesis and environment release are almost entirely unknown. Here, we show that the ciliary G-protein RAB28, associated with human autosomal recessive cone-rod dystrophy, negatively regulates EV levels in the sensory organs of Caenorhabditis elegans. We also find that sequential targeting of lipidated RAB28 to periciliary and ciliary membranes is highly dependent on the BBSome and PDE6D, respectively, and that BBSome loss causes excessive and ectopic EV production. Our data indicate that RAB28 and the BBSome are key in vivo regulators of EV production at the periciliary membrane. Our findings also suggest that EVs control sensory organ homeostasis by mediating communication between ciliated neurons and glia, and that defects in ciliary EV biogenesis may contribute to human ciliopathies.

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