Highly efficient and super-bright neurocircuit tracing using vector mixing-based virus cocktail
Posted 17 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/705772
Posted 17 Jul 2019
Mapping the detailed cell-type-specific input networks and neuronal projectomes are essential to understand brain function in normal and pathological states. However, several properties of current tracing systems, including labeling sensitivity, trans-synaptic efficiencies, reproducibility among different individuals and different Cre-driver animals, still remained unsatisfactory. Here, we developed MAP-ENVIVIDERS, a recombinase system-dependent vector mixing-based strategy for highly efficient neurocircuit tracing. MAP-ENVIVIDERS enhanced tracing efficiency of input networks across the whole brain, with over 10-fold improvement in diverse previously poor-labeled input brain regions and particularly, up to 70-fold enhancement in brainstem compared with the current standard rabies-virus-mediated systems. MAP-ENVIVIDERS was over 10-fold more sensitive for cell-type-specific labeling than previous strategies, enabling us to capture individual cell-type-specific neurons with extremely complex axonal branches and presynaptic axonal boutons, both about one order of magnitude than previously reported and considered. MAP-ENVIVIDERS provides powerful tools for deconstructing novel input/output circuitry towards functional studies and disorders-related mechanisms. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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