Extensive recoding of dengue virus type 2 specifically reduces replication in primate cells without gain-of-function in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
Charles B Stauft,
Sam H. Shen,
Posted 09 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/365189 (published DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198303)
Posted 09 Jul 2018
Dengue virus (DENV), an arthropod-borne ("arbovirus") virus causing a range of human maladies ranging from self-limiting dengue fever to the life-threatening dengue shock syndrome, proliferates well in two different taxa of the Animal Kingdom, mosquitoes and primates. Unexpectedly, mosquitoes and primates have distinct preferences when expressing their genes by translation, e.g. members of these taxa show taxonomic group-specific intolerance to certain codon pairs. This is called "codon pair bias". By necessity, arboviruses evolved to delicately balance this fundamental difference in their ORFs. Using the mosquito-borne human pathogen DENV we have undone the evolutionarily conserved genomic balance in its ORF sequence and specifically shifted the encoding preference away from primates. However, this recoding of DENV raised concerns of 'gain-of-function,' namely whether recoding could inadvertently increase fitness for replication in the arthropod vector. Using mosquito cell cultures and two strains of Aedes aegypti we did not observe any increase in fitness in DENV2 variants codon pair deoptimized for humans. This ability to disrupt and control an arbovirus's host preference has great promise towards developing the next generation of synthetic vaccines not only for DENV but for other emerging arboviral pathogens such as chikungunya virus and Zika virus.
- Downloaded 313 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 103,889
- In microbiology: 7,273
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 138,158
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 132,223
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!