The YdiU Domain Modulates Bacterial Stress Signaling through Mn2+-dependent UMPylation
Posted 04 Jul 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/692707 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2020.108161)
Posted 04 Jul 2019
Sensing stressful conditions and adjusting cellular metabolism to adapt to the environment is essential for bacteria to survive in variable situations. Here, we describe a new stress-related protein YdiU, and characterize YdiU as an enzyme that catalyzes the covalent attachment of uridine 5’-monophosphate to a protein tyrosine/histidine residue—a novel modification defined as UMPylation. Mn2+ serves as an essential co-factor for YdiU-mediated UMPylation. UTP and Mn2+-binding converts YdiU to an aggregate-prone state facilitating the recruitment of chaperones. The UMPylation of chaperones prevents them from binding co-factors or clients, thereby impairing their function. Consistent with the recent finding that YdiU acts as an AMPylator, we further demonstrate that the self-AMPylation of YdiU padlocks its chaperone-UMPylation activity. The detailed mechanism is proposed based on Apo-YdiU, YdiU-ATP, YdiU-AMP crystal structures and molecular dynamics simulation models of YdiU-UTP and YdiU-UTP-peptide. In vivo data demonstrate that YdiU effectively protects Salmonella from stress-induced ATP depletion through UMPylation. Highlights 1. YdiU involves in stress-resistance of Salmonella . 2. YdiU mediates protein UMPylation in a Mn2+-dependent manner. 3. Structural insights into YdiU-mediated UMPylation. 4. UMPylation of chaperones by YdiU modulates their function.
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