Rxivist logo

Phosphorylated Lamin A/C in the nuclear interior binds active enhancers associated with abnormal transcription in progeria

By Kohta Ikegami, Stefano Secchia, Omar Almakki, Jason D Lieb, Ivan P. Moskowitz

Posted 26 Jun 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/682260 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.devcel.2020.02.011)

LMNA encodes nuclear lamin A/C that tethers lamina-associated heterochromatin domains (LADs) to the nuclear periphery. Point mutations in LMNA cause degenerative disorders including the premature aging disorder Hutchinson-Gilford progeria, but the mechanisms are unknown. We report that Ser22-phosphorylated Lamin A/C (pS22-Lamin A/C) was localized to the interior of the nucleus in human fibroblasts throughout the cell cycle. pS22-Lamin A/C interacted with a specific subset of putative active enhancers, not LADs, primarily at locations co-bound by the transcriptional activator c-Jun. In progeria-patient fibroblasts, a subset of pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites were lost whereas new pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites emerged in normally quiescent loci. These new pS22-Lamin A/C-binding sites displayed increased histone acetylation and c-Jun binding, implying increased enhancer activity. The genes near these new binding sites, implicated in clinical components of progeria including carotid artery diseases, hypertension, and cardiomegaly, were upregulated in progeria. These results suggest that Lamin A/C regulates gene expression by direct enhancer binding in the nuclear interior. Disruption of the gene regulatory rather than LAD function of Lamin A/C presents a novel mechanism for disorders caused by LMNA mutations including progeria. HIGHLIGHTS

Download data

  • Downloaded 501 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 36,403 out of 100,845
    • In genetics: 2,107 out of 5,020
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 25,753 out of 100,845
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 35,092 out of 100,845

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!