Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 66,889 bioRxiv papers from 294,495 authors.
Redox-mediated Kick-Start of Mitochondrial Energy Metabolism drives Resource-efficient Seed Germination
Stefanie J Müller-Schüssele,
Ian Max Møller,
Christopher Horst Lillig,
Andreas J Meyer,
Posted 20 Jun 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/676213
Posted 20 Jun 2019
Seeds preserve a far developed plant embryo in a quiescent state. Seed metabolism relies on stored resources and is re-activated to drive germination when the external conditions are favorable. Since the switchover from quiescence to re-activation provides a remarkable case of a cell physiological transition we investigated the earliest events in energy and redox metabolism of Arabidopsis seeds at imbibition. By developing fluorescent protein biosensing in intact seeds, we observed ATP accumulation and oxygen uptake within minutes, indicating rapid activation of mitochondrial respiration, which coincided with a sharp transition from an oxidizing to a more reducing thiol redox environment in the mitochondrial matrix. To identify individual operational protein thiol switches, we captured the fast release of metabolic quiescence in organello and devised quantitative iodoacetyl tandem mass tag-based (iodoTMT) thiol redox proteomics. The redox state across all Cys-peptides was shifted towards reduction from 27.1 % to 13.0 %. A large number of Cys-peptides (412) were redox-switched, representing central pathways of mitochondrial energy metabolism, including the respiratory chain and each enzymatic step of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA). Active site Cys-peptides of glutathione reductase 2, NADPH-thioredoxin reductase a/b and thioredoxin-o1 showed the strongest responses. Germination of seeds lacking those redox proteins was associated with markedly enhanced respiration and deregulated TCA cycle dynamics suggesting decreased resource efficiency of energy metabolism. Germination in aged seeds was strongly impaired. We identify a global operation of thiol redox switches that is required for optimal usage of energy stores by the mitochondria to drive efficient germination.
- Downloaded 252 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 41,320 out of 66,916
- In plant biology: 1,193 out of 1,941
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 18,489 out of 66,916
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 31,499 out of 66,916
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!