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PI4K2β constrains non-canonical Wnt-PCP signalling and is localised by PAR-1 (MARK2/3) phosphorylation

By S. M. Tsang, William Cheng, Jingjing Li, Jeremy Green

Posted 18 Jun 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/660431

Canonical Wnt signalling is critically important in embryonic cell-type specification and cancer, while non-canonical Wnt signalling is primarily implicated in physical morphogenesis, especially planar cell polarity (PCP). Both are modulated by the polarity kinase PAR-1 (MARK2/3). PAR-1 phosphorylates the Wnt transducer Dishevelled, but there is evidence that it exerts control through other targets. Here we describe an in vitro screen for new targets of PAR-1 in which we identified phosphatidyl-inositol-4-kinase-2-beta (PI4K2β) as a substrate. Perturbation phenotypes and reporter assays in vivo show that PI4K2β inhibits both canonical and non-canonical Wnt pathways, in contrast to PI4K2α, which promotes canonical but does not affect non-canonical signalling. We show that PI4K2β acts in Wnt-responding tissue, not in Wnt production or secretion. Subcellularly, PI4K2β is cortically enriched, unlike PI4K2α, and is basolateral in polarised cells. Mutation of the PAR-1 phosphorylation site of PI4K2β mis-localises it and the endogenous core PCP protein, Vangl2. Our results reveal that PAR-1 interacts with the vertebrate PCP signalling pathway via PI4K2β.

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