Super-resolution imaging reveals the evolution of higher-order chromatin folding in early carcinogenesis
Santana M. Lardo,
Donna B. Stolz,
Randall E Brand,
Douglas J. Hartman,
Sarah J. Hainer,
Posted 17 Jun 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/672105 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-15718-7)
Posted 17 Jun 2019
Aberrant chromatin structure is a hallmark in cancer cells and has long been used for clinical diagnosis of cancer. However, underlying higher-order chromatin folding during malignant transformation remains elusive, due to the lack of molecular scale resolution. Using optimized stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) for pathological tissue (PathSTORM), we uncovered a gradual decompaction and fragmented higher-order chromatin folding throughout all stages of carcinogenesis in multiple tumor types, even prior to the tumor formation. Our integrated imaging, genomic, and transcriptomic analyses reveal the functional consequences in enhanced formation of transcription factories, spatial juxtaposition with relaxed nanosized chromatin domains and impaired genomic stability. We also demonstrate the potential of imaging higher-order chromatin decompaction to detect high-risk precursors that cannot be distinguished by conventional pathology. Taken together, our findings reveal the gradual decompaction and fragmentation of higher-order chromatin structure as an enabling characteristic in early carcinogenesis to facilitate malignant transformation, which may improve cancer diagnosis, risk stratification, and prevention.
- Downloaded 755 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 19,543 out of 100,478
- In cancer biology: 580 out of 3,595
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 26,435 out of 100,478
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 15,521 out of 100,478
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!