Small noncoding RNAs (sncRNAs) are crucial regulatory molecules in organisms and are well known not only for their roles in the control of diverse essential biological processes but also for their value in genetic modification. However, to date, in gram-positive anaerobic solventogenic clostridia (which are a group of important industrial bacteria with exceptional substrate and product diversity), sncRNAs remain minimally explored, leading to a lack of detailed understanding regarding these important molecules and their use as targets for genetic improvement. Here, we performed large-scale phenotypic screens of a transposon-mediated mutant library of Clostridium acetobutylicum , a typical solventogenic clostridial species, and discovered a novel sncRNA (sr8384) that functions as a determinant positive regulator of growth and solvent synthesis. Comparative transcriptomic data combined with genetic and biochemical analyses revealed that sr8384 acts as a pleiotropic regulator and controls multiple targets that are associated with crucial biological processes, through direct or indirect interactions. Notably, modulation of the expression level of either sr8384 or its core target genes significantly increased the growth rate, solvent titer and productivity of the cells, indicating the importance of sr8384-mediated regulatory network in C. acetobutylicum . Furthermore, a homolog of sr8384 was discovered and proven to be functional in another important Clostridium species, C. beijerinckii , suggesting the potential broad role of this sncRNA in clostridia. Our work showcases a previously unknown potent and complex role of sncRNAs in clostridia, providing new opportunities for understanding and engineering these anaerobes, including pathogenic Clostridium species.
- Downloaded 189 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 121,909
- In microbiology: 9,097
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 144,485
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 111,650
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!