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Fine-mapping complex inversion breakpoints and investigating somatic pairing in the Anopheles gambiae species complex using proximity-ligation sequencing

By Russell B. Corbett-Detig, Iskander Said, Maria Calzetta, Max Genetti, Jakob McBroome, Nicholas W Maurer, Vincenzo Petrarca, Alessandra della Torre, Nora J. Besansky

Posted 07 Jun 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/662114 (published DOI: 10.1534/genetics.119.302385)

Chromosomal inversions are fundamental drivers of genome evolution. In the main afro-tropical malaria vector species, belonging to the Anopheles gambiae species complex inversions play an important role in local adaptation and have a rich history of cytological study. Despite the importance and ubiquity of some chromosomal inversions across the species complex, inversion breakpoints are often challenging to map molecularly due to the presence of large repetitive regions. Here, we develop an approach that uses Hi-C sequencing data to molecularly fine-map the breakpoints of inversions 2Rbc and 2Rd in A. coluzzii . We found that inversion breakpoints occur in large repetitive regions, and strikingly among three inversions analyzed, two breakpoints appear to be reused in two separate inversions. Additionally, we use heterozygous individuals to quantitatively investigate somatic pairing disruption in the regions immediately surrounding inversion breakpoints, and we find that pairing disruption is undetectable beyond approximately 250 Kb from the inversion breakpoints.

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