DHTKD1 and OGDH display in vivo substrate overlap and form a hybrid ketoacid dehydrogenase complex
Ronald C. Hendrickson,
Robert J. DeVita,
Posted 22 May 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/645689 (published DOI: 10.1093/hmg/ddaa037)
Posted 22 May 2019
Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is an inborn error of lysine degradation characterized by a specific encephalopathy that is caused by toxic accumulation of lysine degradation intermediates. Substrate reduction through inhibition of DHTKD1, an enzyme upstream of the defective glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, has been investigated as a potential therapy, but revealed the existence of an alternative enzymatic source of glutaryl-CoA. Here we show that loss of DHTKD1 in GCDH-deficient HEK-293 cells leads to a 2-fold decrease in the established GA1 clinical biomarker glutarylcarnitine, and demonstrate that OGDH is responsible for this remaining glutarylcarnitine production. We furthermore show that DHTKD1 interacts with OGDH, DLST and DLD to form a hybrid α-ketoglutaric and α-ketoadipic acid dehydrogenase complex. In summary, α-ketoadipic acid is an in vivo substrate for DHTKD1, but also OGDH. The classic α-ketoglutaric dehydrogenase complex can exist as a previously undiscovered hybrid containing DHTKD1 displaying improved kinetics towards α-ketoadipic acid.
- Downloaded 545 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 59,877
- In biochemistry: 1,571
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 75,798
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 48,762
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!