Genetic risk underlying psychiatric and cognitive symptoms in Huntington’s Disease
Eun Pyo Hong,
Michael J Chao,
Jeffrey D. Long,
Jean Paul G Vonsattel,
Ricardo Mouro Pinto,
Kawther Abu Elneel,
Eliana Marisa Ramos,
Jayalakshmi Srinidhi Mysore,
Vanessa C Wheeler,
Darren G. Monckton,
G. Bernhard Landwehrmeyer,
Jane S Paulsen,
Richard H Myers,
Erik van Duijn,
Marcy E MacDonald,
James F. Gusella,
Posted 17 May 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/639658 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.12.010)
Posted 17 May 2019
Huntington’s disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expanded CAG repeat in the HTT gene. It is diagnosed following a standardized exam of motor control and often presents with cognitive decline and psychiatric symptoms. Recent studies have detected genetic loci modifying the age at onset of motor symptoms in HD, but genetic factors influencing cognitive and psychiatric presentations are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that psychiatric and cognitive symptoms in HD are influenced by the same common genetic variation as in the general population by constructing polygenic risk scores from large genome-wide association studies of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, and of intelligence, and testing for correlation with the presence of psychiatric and cognitive symptoms in a large sample (n=5160) of HD patients. Polygenic risk score for major depression was associated specifically with increased risk of depression in HD, as was schizophrenia risk score with psychosis and irritability. Cognitive impairment and apathy were associated with reduced polygenic risk score for intelligence. In general, polygenic risk scores for psychiatric disorders, particularly depression and schizophrenia, are associated with increased risk of the corresponding psychiatric symptoms in HD, suggesting a common genetic liability. However, the genetic liability to cognitive impairment and apathy appears to be distinct from other psychiatric symptoms in HD. No associations were observed between HD symptoms and risk scores for other neurodegenerative disorders. These data provide a rationale for treatments effective in depression and schizophrenia to be used to treat depression and psychotic symptoms in HD.
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