Rxivist logo

Binding partner regulation of Myosin VI: Loss of tumour-suppressor Dab2 leads to enhanced activity of nuclear myosin

By Natalia Fili, Yukti Hari-Gupta, Bjork Aston, Ália dos Santos, Rosemarie E. Gough, Bana Alamad, Lin Wang, Marisa Martin-Fernandez, Christopher P. Toseland

Posted 16 May 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/639963

Myosin VI is involved in a variety of cellular processes ranging from endocytosis to transcription. This multi-functional potential is achieved through alternative isoform splicing and through the interaction with a diverse network of binding partners. However, the interplay between the two modes of regulation remains unexplored. To this end, we have compared two different binding partners, Dab2 and CALCOCO2/NDP52, and their interaction with two myosin VI splice isoforms. We found that both isoforms adopt an auto-inhibited state and are subsequently activated by binding partner association. However, differential regulation is achieved through a high and a low affinity binding motifs within myosin VI, with one isoform having the high affinity site blocked. This allows competition between partners and links isoform splicing with binding partner selectivity. Dab2 competition hinders the activity of nuclear myosin VI by preventing DNA binding and transcription. Moreover, re-introduction of Dab2 in the Dab2-deficient MCF-7 cells leads to a decrease in myosin VI-dependent estrogen receptor gene expression. We propose that the frequent loss of Dab2 during the onset of cancer enables a higher level of nuclear myosin VI activity, thereby driving the activity of the estrogen receptor to promote tumourgenesis.

Download data

  • Downloaded 349 times
  • Download rankings, all-time:
    • Site-wide: 53,967 out of 101,478
    • In cell biology: 2,747 out of 5,256
  • Year to date:
    • Site-wide: 57,632 out of 101,478
  • Since beginning of last month:
    • Site-wide: 82,820 out of 101,478

Altmetric data


Downloads over time

Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide


PanLingua

Sign up for the Rxivist weekly newsletter! (Click here for more details.)


News

  • 20 Oct 2020: Support for sorting preprints using Twitter activity has been removed, at least temporarily, until a new source of social media activity data becomes available.
  • 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
  • 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
  • 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
  • 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
  • 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
  • 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
  • 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
  • 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!