A role for the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ABCF protein New1 during translation termination
Agnieszka A. Pochopien,
Gemma C. Atkinson,
Marcus J.O. Johansson,
Daniel N Wilson,
Posted 14 May 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/638064
Posted 14 May 2019
Translation on the ribosome is controlled by numerous accessory proteins and translation factors. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae , translation elongation requires an essential elongation factor, the ABCF ATPase eEF3. A closely related ABCF ATPase, New1, is encoded by a non-essential gene with a cold sensitivity and ribosome assembly defect knock-out phenotype. Since the exact molecular function of New1 is unknown, it is unclear if the ribosome assembly defect is direct, i.e. New1 is a bona fide ribosome assembly factor, or indirect, for instance due to a defect in protein synthesis. To investigate this, we employed a combination of yeast genetics, cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and ribosome profiling (Ribo-Seq) to interrogate the molecular function of New1. Overexpression of New1 rescues the inviability of a yeast strain lacking the otherwise strictly essential translation factor eEF3. The structure of the ATPase-deficient (EQ2) New1 mutant locked on the 80S ribosome reveals that New1 binds analogously to the ribosome as eEF3. Finally, Ribo-Seq analysis revealed that loss of New1 leads to ribosome queuing upstream of 3'-terminal lysine and arginine codons, including those genes encoding proteins of the cytoplasmic translational machinery. Our results suggest that New1 is a translation factor that fine-tunes the efficiency of translation termination.
- Downloaded 461 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 65,489
- In biochemistry: 1,751
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 140,131
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 110,217
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!