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Deep sequencing of 3 cancer cell lines on 2 sequencing platforms

By Kanika Arora, Minita Shah, Molly Johnson, Rashesh Sanghvi, Jennifer Shelton, Kshithija Nagulapalli, Dayna M Oschwald, Michael C. Zody, Soren Germer, Vaidehi Jobanputra, Jade Carter, Nicolas Robine

Posted 30 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/623702

To test the performance of a new sequencing platform, develop an updated somatic calling pipeline and establish a reference for future benchmarking experiments, we sequenced 3 common cancer cell lines along with their matched normal cell lines to great sequencing depths (up to 278X coverage) on both Illumina HiSeqX and NovaSeq sequencing instruments. Somatic calling was generally consistent between the two platforms despite minor differences at the read level. We designed and implemented a novel pipeline for the analysis of tumor-normal samples, using multiple variant callers. We show that coupled with a high-confidence filtering strategy, it improves the accuracy of somatic calls. We also demonstrate the utility of the dataset by creating an artificial purity ladder to evaluate the somatic pipeline and benchmark methods for estimating purity and ploidy from tumor-normal pairs. The data and results of the pipeline are made accessible to the cancer genomics community.

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