Multilayered N-glycoproteomics reveals impaired N-glycosylation promoting Alzheimer's disease
Posted 22 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/615989
Posted 22 Apr 2019
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases that currently lacks clear pathogenesis and effective treatment. Protein glycosylation is ubiquitous in brain tissue and site-specific analysis of N-glycoproteome, which is technically challenging, can advance our understanding of the glycoproteins' role in AD. In this study, we profiled the multilayered variations in proteins, N-glycosites, N-glycans, and in particular site-specific N-glycopeptides in the APP/PS1 and wild type mouse brain through combining pGlyco 2.0 strategy with other quantitative N-glycoproteomic strategies. The comprehensive brain N-glycoproteome landscape was constructed, and rich details of the heterogeneous site-specific protein N-glycosylations were exhibited. Quantitative analyses explored generally downregulated N-glycosylation involving proteins such as glutamate receptors, as well as fucosylated and oligo-mannose type glycans in APP/PS1 mice versus wild type mice. Moreover, our preliminary functional study revealed that N-glycosylation was crucial for the membrane localization of NCAM1 and for maintaining the excitability and viability of neuron cells. Our work offered a panoramic view of the N-glycoproteomes in Alzheimer's disease and revealed that generally impaired N-glycosylation promotes Alzheimer's disease progression.
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