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Extension of the in vivo haploid induction system from maize to wheat

By Chenxu Liu, Yu Zhong, Xiaolong Qi, Ming Chen, Zongkai Liu, Chen Chen, Xiaolong Tian, Jinlong Li, Yanyan Jiao, Dong wang, Yuwen Wang, Mengran Li, Mingming Xin, Wenxin Liu, Weiwei Jin, Shaojiang Chen

Posted 17 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/609305

Doubled haploid breeding technology has been one of the most important techniques for accelerating crop breeding. In compare to in vivo haploid induction in maize, which is efficient and background independent, wheat haploid production by interspecific hybridization pollinated with maize is influenced by genetic background and requires rescue of young embryos. Here, we analyzed the homologues of maize haploid induction gene MTL / ZmPLA1 / NLD in several crop species systematically, the homologues are highly conserved in sorghum, millet and wheat etc. Since wheat is a very important polyploidy crop, as a proof of concept, we demonstrated that the in vivo haploid induction method could be extended from diploid maize to hexaploid wheat by knocking out the wheat homologues ( TaPLAs ). Result showed that double knock-out mutation could trigger wheat haploid induction at ~ 2%-3%, accompanied by 30% - 60% seed setting rate. The performance of haploid wheat individual showed shorter plant, narrower leaves and male sterile. Our results also revealed that knockout of TaPLA -A and TaPLA -D do not affect pollen viability. This study not only confirmed the function of the induction gene and explored a new approach for haploid production in wheat, but also provided an example that the in vivo haploid induction could be applied in more crop species with different ploidy levels. Furthermore, by combining with gene editing, it would be a fast and powerful platform for traits improvement in polyploidy crops breeding.

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