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TRIM21-SERPINB5 aids GMPS repression to protect nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells from radiation-induced apoptosis

By Panpan Zhang, Xiaomin Li, Qiuping He, Lulu Zhang, Keqing Song, Xiaojing Yang, Qingmei He, Yaqin Wang, Xiaohong Hong, Jun Ma, Na Liu

Posted 16 Apr 2019
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/609743 (published DOI: 10.1186/s12929-020-0625-7)

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most prevalent head and neck malignancy in South China and Southeast Asia. The main NPC treatment strategy is radiotherapy. However, recurrence resulting from radioresistance is a leading clinical bottleneck. Revealing the mechanism of NPC radioresistance would help improve the therapeutic effect. Here, our work reveals that TRIM21 (tripartite motif-containing 21) functions as an oncogene in NPC progression, and its ablation increases NPC cell radiosensitivity. Further analysis indicated that TRIM21 represses TP53 expression by mediating GMPS (guanine monophosphate synthase) ubiquitination and degradation after ionizing radiation. Mass spectrometry and co-immunoprecipitation showed that SERPINB5 (serpin family B member 5) interacts with both TRIM21 and GMPS. Epistatic analysis showed that SERPINB5 acts as an adaptor to recruit GMPS and introduce TRIM21 for ubiquitination. The in vitro and in vivo results validated the finding that SERPINB5 promotes NPC cell radioresistance. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry indicated that radioresistant patients have higher SERPINB5 expression. Overall, our data show that TRIM21-SERPINB5-mediated GMPS degradation facilitates TP53 repression, which promotes the radioresistance of NPC cells.

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